MODELING AND NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF
SINGLE SPECIES DISPERSAL IN SYMMETRICAL DOMAINS
Abstract. We develop a class of nonlocal delay Reaction-Diffusion (RD) models in a circular domain. Previous modeling efforts include RD population models with respect to one-dimensional unbounded domain, unbounded strip and rectangular spatial domain. However, the importance of an RD model in a symmetrical domain lies in the increasing number of empirical studies conducted with respect to symmetrical natural habitats of single species. Assuming that the single species has no directional preference to spread in the symmetrical domain, the RD model is reduced to an equation with no angular dependance. The model can be further reduced by considering the birth function in the form of the Bessel function of the first kind. We numerically simulate the reduced forms of the nonlocal delay RD model to study the dispersal and growth of behaviors of the single species in a circular domain. Although spatial patterns of population densities are gradually developed, it is numerically shown that the single species population goes extinct in the absence of the birth function or it may converge to a positive equilibrium in the presence of the birth function.
AMS Subject classification: 37N25, 35R10


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DOI: 10.12732/ijam.v27i6.2

Volume: 27
Issue: 6
Year: 2014